Electric vehiclesEnergy

Electric automobiles may be able to power your home in the future; here’s how to make that happen

Electric vehicles (EVs) might, just by tapping their battery capacity, assist to power millions of houses in the future years. Instead of being stored, the energy in the vehicle’s battery might be connected back into the grid. A research will help in understanding how to best employ the technology in the UK, which was pioneered in Japan.

Many electric cars are being built with the capability of sending power back to the energy grid to which they are connected. Whether it’s the owner’s home or the electrical grid in general, governments and electric vehicle manufacturers have led the way in developing these technologies, mostly to balance demand on the power transmission networks, or even grid.

The ability to use these massive connected batteries is consistent with the future management as well as provision of the cleaner grids – rather than burning fossil fuels to produce electricity, we should leverage clean renewable sources like wind and solar when they are abundant, and store the power in batteries when they are not. As a result, we may reduce our greenhouse gas emissions by charging electric automobiles with renewable energy.

The proposal sounds excellent, but it’s complicated by the difficulty of storing electricity. However, there is storage of massive amounts of electricity - in the automobiles. With about 1% of the UK’s 27 million households having an electric vehicle (EV), each with a 60kWh battery, such 300,000 Electric Vehicles could store an amazing 18GWh of electricity that could be utilized to power homes. That’s more than the UK’s largest storage facility, the Dinorwig pumped storage facility in Snowdonia, which holds roughly 9GWh.

The United Kingdom might have around 11 million electric cars on the road by 2030. If half of these automobiles were capable of feeding surplus energy back into the system, there would be enough energy to serve 5.5 million homes.

How is this going to happen?

On a scientific level, three things must happen before autos can power the grid. To begin, two-way power transmission from the car to the charging station should be made available. The vehicle-to-grid method was initially implemented in Japan during the Fukushima tragedy and subsequent power outage.

However, further research and development is required before the technique can be widely used. Installation of car-to-grid charging gear at home, vehicle interoperability, and energy market shifts are among them. There are two sorts of rapid charging equipment that will need to be addressed, possibly with units that contain both types of connectors.

The final piece of the technical problem is securing electricity distribution network support. Because some areas of the grid can’t handle a large volume of electricity being dumped back via the connections at the very same time, local networks must be able to handle it.

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